Shin splints (also called periostitis) is not an actual diagnosis, but describes a condition where there is pain at the front of the lower leg below the knee, from the tearing away of the anterior tibial muscle (the muscle that runs from the mid portion of the foot up the front of the leg, just below the knee, on the inside front of the calf) from the bone.
Symptoms can include:
Shin splints are usually caused by over-use. Beginning runners or other people who engage in sport activities who have not sufficiently allowed their muscle tone to build up over a proper conditioning program, or whose conditioning program is too rigorous in the beginning, often develop shin splints.
However, people with biomechanical, excessive pronation or supination of the foot also develop shin splints. An orthotic device can be beneficial in alleviating these excessive pronation and supination problems.
Ice wraps, the Cho-Pat Shin Splint Sleeve, anti-inflammatories, and a shorter stride are also good modalities for this problem.